Corrosion, negative and positive poles, warranties, voltages – these are just a few of the many terms you hear when talking about batteries. You have a general idea of what these are, but do you really know what they mean?
This is a crash course on batteries. At the end of the article, you would have had already a good enough idea of these terms and would at least know what would and would not do harm to your car or marine batteries. Read on.
Battery: This is an enclosed and protected material usually made up of electro chemical cells that can be charged electrically to provide a static potential power that may be released when needed. The interplay of the different chemicals on the battery’s cells enable it to store power for a limited period of time even when not in use. There is a need for the battery to be enclosed as chemicals in the battery are toxic and harmful to humans.
Chemical cell batteries are used to power vehicles, from the small golf cart to the big haul trucks on the road.
Battery terminals: Usually made of lead, these are the contact points of the battery where you connect the battery cables. If you are to replace our car battery, check first your car manual to determine your car’s ground. If it has a negative ground, you have to place the positive cable first before putting the negative cable. If your car has a positive ground, then the negative cable comes in first before the positive one.
Corrosion: This is a battery problem that arises over time. You would have to regularly check on the battery cables and make sure these are free of white spots that build up, covering the cables and battery terminals. The corrosion eats up on the cables which if unattended, may cause the battery to stop working.
To take off the corrosion, just mix baking soda with water to form a paste and then pour this over the corroded terminal. After the corrosion has softened, brush this off with a used brush, then wipe the terminal clean. With the clamp on the cable, brush off the corrosion using a steel brush to take off the corrosion before replacing this on the terminal.
Voltage: This is the amount of power needed by your car to have all its parts working in perfect condition. A car’s fully charged battery should have a voltage of 12.6 and above. This can be measured using a multimeter. In the absence of a multimeter, you can check if your car has sufficient voltage by turning the headlights on-it should be able to help you see clearly when opened in the dark.
Warranties: Warranties are manufacturer guarantees given to the life of electrical equipment, in this case, automotive batteries. These may be full warranties or limited time warranties. Either way, the warranties would ensure the consumers that they are assured of good performance of their purchases at least for the warranty time given by the manufacturer.